Top 171 Jobs with the Highest Automation Risk

Updated on August 17, 2021
by Cristian Gonzalez

According to a report from researchers from the University of Oxford these jobs are doomed.

Top 171 Jobs with the Highest Automation Risk

These are the top 12 jobs with the highest automation risk (99%):

After studying the data and seeing how the world is changing we can confidently recommend you to get a newer job robot-proof.

Jobs with the Highest Automation Risk

Job Title Risk Level
Data Entry Keyers 99.00%
Library Technicians 99.00%
New Accounts Clerks 99.00%
Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators 99.00%
Tax Preparers 99.00%
Cargo and Freight Agents 99.00%
Watch Repairers 99.00%
Insurance Underwriters 99.00%
Mathematical Technicians 99.00%
Sewers, Hand 99.00%
Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 99.00%
Telemarketers 99.00%
Models 98.00%
Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 98.00%
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 98.00%
Legal Secretaries 98.00%
Radio Operators 98.00%
Driver/Sales Workers 98.00%
Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 98.00%
Parts Salespersons 98.00%
Credit Analysts 98.00%
Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 98.00%
Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 98.00%
Procurement Clerks 98.00%
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 98.00%
Etchers and Engravers 98.00%
Tellers 98.00%
Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 98.00%
Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 98.00%
Loan Officers 98.00%
Order Clerks 98.00%
Brokerage Clerks 98.00%
Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 98.00%
Timing Device Assemblers and Adjusters 98.00%
Bridge and Lock Tenders 97.00%
Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 97.00%
Team Assemblers 97.00%
Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 97.00%
Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 97.00%
Farm Labor Contractors 97.00%
Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 97.00%
Dental Laboratory Technicians 97.00%
Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 97.00%
Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 97.00%
Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 97.00%
Log Graders and Scalers 97.00%
Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 97.00%
Cashiers 97.00%
Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 97.00%
Motion Picture Projectionists 97.00%
Prepress Technicians and Workers 97.00%
Counter and Rental Clerks 97.00%
File Clerks 97.00%
Real Estate Brokers 97.00%
Telephone Operators 97.00%
Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 97.00%
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 97.00%
Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 97.00%
Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 97.00%
Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 96.00%
Receptionists and Information Clerks 96.00%
Office Clerks, General 96.00%
Compensation and Benefits Managers 96.00%
Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 96.00%
Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 96.00%
Rock Splitters, Quarry 96.00%
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 96.00%
Surveying and Mapping Technicians 96.00%
Model Makers, Wood 96.00%
Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 96.00%
Locomotive Engineers 96.00%
Gaming Dealers 96.00%
Fabric Menders, Except Garment 96.00%
Restaurant Cooks 96.00%
Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 96.00%
Billing and Posting Clerks 96.00%
Manicurists and Pedicurists 95.00%
Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 95.00%
Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 95.00%
Bill and Account Collectors 95.00%
Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 95.00%
Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 95.00%
Library Assistants, Clerical 95.00%
Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 95.00%
Print Binding and Finishing Workers 95.00%
Animal Breeders 95.00%
Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 95.00%
Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 95.00%
Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders 95.00%
Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 95.00%
Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 95.00%
Postal Service Clerks 95.00%
Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 95.00%
Accountants and Auditors 94.00%
Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 94.00%
Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 94.00%
Waiters and Waitresses 94.00%
Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 94.00%
Budget Analysts 94.00%
Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 94.00%
Bicycle Repairers 94.00%
Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 94.00%
Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 94.00%
Couriers and Messengers 94.00%
Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 94.00%
Cooks, Short Order 94.00%
Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 94.00%
Helpers-Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 94.00%
Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 94.00%
Tire Builders 94.00%
Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 94.00%
First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 94.00%
Agricultural Inspectors 94.00%
Paralegals and Legal Assistants 94.00%
Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 93.00%
Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 93.00%
Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 93.00%
Conveyor Operators and Tenders 93.00%
Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 93.00%
Locomotive Firers 93.00%
Machine Feeders and Offbearers 93.00%
Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 93.00%
Radio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers and Repairs 93.00%
Butchers and Meat Cutters 93.00%
Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 93.00%
Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 93.00%
Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents 93.00%
Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 93.00%
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 93.00%
Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 92.00%
Pharmacy Technicians 92.00%
Loan Interviewers and Clerks 92.00%
Dredge Operators 92.00%
Insurance Sales Agents 92.00%
Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 92.00%
Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 92.00%
Fence Erectors 92.00%
Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 92.00%
Retail Salespersons 92.00%
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 92.00%
Production Workers, All Other 92.00%
Helpers-Carpenters 92.00%
Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 91.00%
Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 91.00%
Tour Guides and Escorts 91.00%
Mechanical Door Repairers 91.00%
Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 91.00%
Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 91.00%
Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 91.00%
Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 91.00%
Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 91.00%
Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 91.00%
Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 91.00%
Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 91.00%
Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 91.00%
Geological and Petroleum Technicians 91.00%
Automotive Body and Related Repairers 91.00%
Patternmakers, Wood 91.00%
Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 91.00%
Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 90.00%
Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 90.00%
Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 90.00%
Roofers 90.00%
Crane and Tower Operators 90.00%
Traffic Technicians 90.00%
Transportation Inspectors 90.00%
Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 90.00%
Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 90.00%
Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 90.00%
Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 90.00%
Signal and Track Switch Repairers 90.00%


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